Three new books about the Nepal conflict take us back to the horrors of war
The occasion was a multiple book launch this week in Kathmandu in which three protagonists who experienced and suffered the war first hand sat on a stage together to reminisce about what it was all for.
One of them was a committed Maoist child soldier who spent his entire teenage years during the conflict killing and nearly being killed. One was a nurse-turned-health worker who lived through a night of hell caught in the crossfire between the Maoists and the Army. One was a teacher from Rolpa who was detained by the Maoists, interrogated and tortured for 100 days during the war.
Radha Poudelâs memoir, Khalanga Ma Hamala, relives the minute details of the battle of Jumla and how that close brush with death motivated her to continue to work for the upliftment of the people of Jumla. Narayan Subedi wrote 100 Din Maobadi Kabja Ma, and was a teachers who found himself on the frontlines of the conflict and gives a chilling account of the idealism that drove the revolution. Navin Jirel recounts the memories of his childhood, the battles he fought and his years languishing in a cantonment after the conflict, in his gripping book, Bhisan Dinharu. (See picture)
That the three could share the table to discuss their books without bitterness, rancour and political sloganeering was a sign of how far we have come since the conflict ended six years ago. If time heals, then books like these help the reconciliation process.
But, as Radha Poudel, reminded us, âThe end of the war has not meant peace. The roots of the conflict are still there. As long as people are hungry, there will be war.â
The publishers, nepa-laya, had given Subedi the role of moderating a short discussion during the book launch. He said he was so traumatised by what he went through that he waited 10 years to publish his book. Radha Poudel went through similar doubts, but persevered because she thought it was important to tell the story so people understand the true meaning of peace, and value it. She teared up and said in a choking voice: âI had to go back to Jumla and help the people I went there to help.â
Jirel, now 24, said that just as Radha decided to go back to Jumla, he decided to go back to Jiri. He refused integration into the Nepal Army even though he would have got officer rank, because he didn’t want to âgive and get salutesâ. Instead he decided to devote himself to the betterment of the Nepalis he fought for and himself suffered during the war. He said: âI have to give back to Nepal, I have lots to do.â
When Jirel said that he had been afraid to be on stage, Subedi quipped: âIâm the one who should be afraid of you. But letâs not be afraid of each other ever again.â
Navin Jirel welcomes Pushpa Kamal Dahal at Kamidanda in Kavre during the conflict.
Navin Jirel was just 12 when his mother died. His brother and sister were sent off to an orphanage and Navin had to go and live with his uncle in Sindhupalchok. He wanted to come back to be with his friends at the school in Jiri, but couldnât get admitted.
A Maoist he met treated with kindness and respect he never got from his relatives. So, out of despair and frustration, he decided to join the Maoists. They said he was too young, but he got enrolled as a whole timer and within a year had taken military training and served as a battlefield messenger in the attack on Salleri in November 2002. [http://nepalitimes.com/news.php?id=6894]
They had given him a pistol, and Navin writes in the book about how in the heat of battle he got so carried away he fired off a round into the air. He got a stiff reprimand for shooting from behind the lines. The boy was such a dedicated fighter he was promoted. At first they resented it, but seeing what a born warrior he was they admiringly called him âPhuchhe Commanderâ. âFinally I got friendship, and a sense of belonging and I found it enjoyable,âNavin recalls.
After that, Navin took part in the attacks on Bhakunde Besi, Sindhuli, Bandipur and Siraha. By age 18 he was such an effective guerrilla that he was in a select commando force. âI was addicted to war,â Navin now recalls, âduring the ceasefire periods, I used to miss the sound of gunfire and wanted desperately to get back into action.â
THOSE WERE THE DAYS: Radha Poudel (centre, left) with village elders in a remote part of Jumla in 2002.
As a young girl in Chitwan, whenever Radha Poudel complained about not having new shoes or pencils, she remembers her father telling her that children in Jumla didnât even have enough to eat. When she grew up, Radha became an anesthesiologist at Bharatpur Hospital and applied for a more senior position. There were only two openings: a relatively easy job in Rupendehi, or the hardships of Jumla. Without hesitation, she chose to go to Jumla.
Her father, who had worked in Jumla previously, tried to make her change her mind. It is dangerous, he said, there is a war going on and life is hard in the remote mountains. But Radha reminded her father that it was he who had inspired her to go to Jumla in the first place, and do something for the people there.
When she got to Jumla in 2001, Radha could not sleep at nights seeing how mothers died at child-birth, children toiled as porters to earn a living. It was fluke she wasnât born there, she thought, and she was troubled by the low esteem with which the rest of Nepal looked at Jumlis. Radha got a job with a safe motherhood project supported by DFID and immediately set out to the remoter parts of the district to care for women even though it was a war zone. The security forces and the Maoists both looked at Radha with suspicion and thought she was an enemy spy.
In his book, Navin Jirel speaks matter-of-factly about killing and nearly getting killed, the exhilaration at the end of a battle, the sweet taste of victory and the sorrow of losing close friends. There are excruciating details of how in the attack on Siraha, Navin finds he is one of the few still alive in his unit after a falling electricity pylon electrocutes remaining comrades. Thirsty, he gropes in the darkness and finds a bowl with liquid and drinks it only to find it was urine. He gets shot, is rushed to a hospital across the border in Darbhanga.
Indian Police is on the lookout for wounded Nepali Maoists, and he makes a harrowing three-day journey on foot back to the Nepal border, changing the bandages on his shoulder and injecting himself with painkillers and antibiotics along the way. Even after that he takes part in the battle of Chautara and Thukarpa where he is nearly killed all over again.
Ironically, Navinâs worst memories are not of the war or of being wounded, but of the listless four years in the cantonment with ebbing morale and searing doubts about what it was all for. Students came to the cantonments to write theses on the Maoist guerrillas, and after giving lots of interviews Navin thought he should write his own book instead of telling a selective story second-hand.
After the battle of Jumla, Radha started writing down everything she remembered about the 13 terrifying hours of the fierce Maoist attack on Jumla on the night of 14 November 2002. The CDO, DSP and dozens of army and police were killed, and no one knows how many Maoists died. Radha first just hid under her quilt, thinking it would protect her. Bullets whizzed all around, hitting the ceiling and walls. The armyâs helicopters hovered overhead, dropping mortar bombs, while the Maoists and the army exchanged fierce gunfire in the street below. He peeped out of the window to see captured policemen being beheaded like goats.
She went to hide in her landladyâs room, but a neighboring house caught fire and they were trapped between the smoke and the gunfire outside. Radha thought this was the end, but somehow survived the night. Radha kept working in Jumla, and got the Women Peacemaker Award last year for her selfless work in rural Nepal during the conflict. Radhaâs first manuscript was lost, and she wrote it all over again from memory.
Radha says she will plough the royalty from Khalanga ma Hamala to her
group, Action Works Nepal, which works in Jumla, Kalikot and Achham to help the Karnali people to stand on their own feet. [http://nepalitimes.com/news.php?id=3046]
No peace after war